Prostate Gland


Difference between Ureter and Urethra


Treatment and Prognosis of Pancreatic Cancers


Pancreatic Tumor Markers


Differential Diagnosis and Imaging Examination of Pancreatic Cancers


Clinical Manifestations of Pancreatic Cancers


Pathology of Pancreatic Cancer


Epidemiology of Pancreatic Cancer


Influenza-Associated Pneumonia, RSV, Avian Influenza, and SARS


Overview of Pneumonia


Radio Frequency Ablation for Supraventricular Arrhythmias and Ventricular Tachicardias


Indications and Complications of Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators


Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators and Programming


Cardioversion and Defibrillation


Indications and Complications of Permanent Pacemakers


Artificial Cardiac Pacemaker


Local Treatment of Metastatic Disease for Patient with Advanced Colorectal Cancer


Systemic Therapy and Combination Therapy for Metastatic Colorectal Cancer


Systemic Therapy and Combination Therapy for Rectal Cancer


Systemic Chemotherapy and Combination Chemotherapy for Colorectal Cancer


Colorectal Cancer and Radiation Therapy


Surgery of Colorectal Cancer


Prevention of Colorectal Cancers


Staging and Prognosis of Colorectal Cancers


Screening of Large Bowel Cancer


Diagnosis of Large Bowel Cancer


Colorectal Cancer - Adenocarcinoma of Colon and Rectum

When developed, obstruction and perforation of large bowel may occur.

Resection and Prognosis of Adenomatous Polyps

Endoscopic polypectomy reduces the subsequent incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer.

Epidemiology and Pathology of Adenomatous Polyps

Advanced or multiple polyps likely have a much higher risk of becoming carcinoma.


The most advance cancer treatment

Indications and Contraindications for Cardiac Catheterization

Cardiac catheterization is an essential procedure necessary to diagnose and treat heart disease.

Imaging Tests and Biopsy for Liver Disease

Latest imaging tests can provide good diagnostic results without risks of complications.

Visual Examination for Liver Disease

Do not palpate the abdomen of the patient immediately. Make sure to obtain important clues to the disease.

Tattoo Removal Treatments

It is impossible to completely remove tattoos regardless of special treatments .

Blood Examination for Liver Disease

Unless liver tests are carefully selected, good prognosis cannot be expected. ***** Tests used to initially evaluate liver disease can be categorized as two groups: (1) indicating injury, such as release of intracellular enzymes; and (2) m…

Symptoms of Liver Diseases

If you feel your liver, it may be too late to be treated ! **** Many patients can have nonspecific symptoms, such as fatigue, related to liver disease. Unless liver disease is found in the differential diagnosis, it will take a long time t…

Latest Treatments for Retinitis Pigmentosa

Argus II vs OUReP **** Retinitis pigmentosa is inherited degeneration of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium. Symptoms of this disease include night blindness, loss of peripheral vision, and decrease of visual acuity. The retina incl…

Transplantation of Allogenous iPS Cells

Regenerative Medicine Coming to Enter into Practical Phase **** Next years, four Japanese medical institutes - RIKEN (the Institute of Physical and Chemical Research), CiRA (Center for iPS Research and Application, Kyoto University), Kobe …

Robotic Microscope OSACaBeN

A joint research team of Osaka University and Tohoku University both in Japan develop the robotic microscope OSACaBeN that tracks an animal and measures the brain in real time. **** Image: Nematode (from Osaka University Homepage) A small …

p53 IgG antibodies - tumor marker

Tumor markers are studied so as to physically and financially reduce burden on cancer patients **** Esophageal cancer patients are treated with established therapies including surgeries, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Since the wall …

Heart Muscle Sheet Surgery for First Participant at Osaka University Hospital, Japan

No Donner Needed for Heart Transplantation, but Leg's Tissue of Patient **** Image: Grown heart muscle sheet (source: Osaka University's homepage) A leg’s muscle tissue of a 66 yr male patient who has suffered from a heavy heart disease ar…

Real-time Tissue Elastography

New Noninvasive Diagnostic Method **** Ultrasound elastography is a Japanese original technology that uses an ultrasound diagnostic device to visualize elasticity of tissues. In 2003, ultrasound elastography was developed and commercialize…

Good News for Type 1 Diabetic Patients

Pig-to-Primate Islet Cell Transplantation **** There are around 500,000 type 1 diabetic patients in Japan (data from Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW) as of 2015). In type 1 diabetes, the body's immune system attacks th…

Can memories be consolidated without necessity of sleep?

Relationship between Consolidation of Memories and Sleep **** A research group found that if the cerebral neocortex is reactivated, memories can be improved without necessity of sleep. Sign of RIKEN REM Sleep and Non-REM Sleep There are tw…

Thin, Flexible Artificial Muscles Weaved into Fabrics

In April 1, 2016, a joint venture company was established by two Japanese universities to market small-diameter artificial muscles developed by their researchers. Image source: Tokyo Institute of Technology Homepage

Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

Japanese original unique chemotherapy

New Approach to Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT)

National Cancer Center Hospital (*1) in Japan completed a facility for a new radiation therapy using neutrons and will start a clinical trial in Spring 2017 to examine the effectiveness of the therapy. image source: National Cancer Center …

Two-fold gout risk of persons who have a gene associated with "alcohol tolerance"

A research group revealed that persons having a gene associated with "alcohol tolerance" have a higher risk of developing gout than those who do not have the gene. The finding was presented on May 16, 2016 in the electronic version of the …

Nano-Machine Contrast Agent

Nano-medicine Innovation Center and Tokyo University jointly developed a “nano-machine contrast agent” that detects malignancy of a cancer. Kazunori Kataoka, the chief of Nano-medicine Innovation Center (a research professor of Policy Visi…

Finger Reattachment

Our fingers are important for not only our daily lives, but also our jobs and creative activities. Some people accidentally sever their finger fragments while they are handling machines such as electric saws and cutting machines. There are…